Many people have contributed to the WUS at 100 book and we are thankful to them all for their hard work. Choose a contributor below to see their articles.
Alan Angell was principal organiser of Academics for Chile in the UK, 1973 to 1980, co-operating closely with Alan Phillips and WUS UK. He is now an emeritus fellow of St Antony’s College, Oxford and a former director of the University Latin American Centre, publishing widely on Latin American politics, especially Chile. He has been honoured by the Chilean government on three occasions.
Alan Phillips was WUS (UK) General Secretary from 1973 to 1981. He moved on to help establish the British Refugee Council in 1982. In 1989 he was appointed Director of the Minority Rights Group International, leaving it in 2000 to become the UK expert on national minorities at the Council of Europe and its President until 2010. In recent years he has helped save WUS UK archives and supported research on its historic work. He has been honoured by the Chilean and UK governments, as well as by the University of Warwick.
Alison Ribeiro de Menezes
Alison Ribeiro de Menezes is Professor of Hispanic Studies at the University of Warwick and an internationally recognised scholar of Hispanic Literary and Cultural Studies. She is Principal Investigator on an Arts and Humanities Research Council-funded project to compile an oral history of Chilean Exiles in the UK. She works closely with the Museum of Memory and Human Rights in Santiago, Chile, and the Modern Records Centre, University of Warwick, which holds significant WUS UK archival resources.
Dr. Bettina Schmidt is a cultural anthropologist, project manager and lecturer for international programmes on development issues, human resource development and diversity management. She trained as a nurse, studied cultural anthropology and African Studies at the University of Mainz and Zimbabwe, holds a PhD from the University of Nijmegen, Netherlands, and holds a diploma in business management (Johannesburg). Her book, Creating order: culture as politics in 19th and 20th century South Africa was published 1996 by the University of Nijmegen. From 1991 to 1997 she was visiting research fellow at the University of Zimbabwe and the Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University in Port Elizabeth, South Africa, was lecturer and researcher at the University of Mainz as well as consultant and project coordinator in adult education. Since 2012 she is a board-member of WUS Germany and volunteers in various of its activities. She is retired and works as external expert for the Africa section of the ethnological Lindenmuseum in Stuttgart focussing on colonialism and 357 List of Authors – A to Z – 100 years World University Service International restitution, and volunteers with WUS Germany. She published widely on the colonial and post-colonial period in Southern Africa.
Bridget's original work with WUS UK in 1985 was to undertake a feasibility study for the possibilities for Ugandan refugee communities in southern Sudan. Her focus was on educational opportunities for women. She subsequently worked briefly on the Horn of Africa scholarship programme. In 1989 she went to Gedaref in northern Sudan to co-ordinate an educational programme for refugee women. Her post-WUS work included time with the World Council of Churches Refugee Service in Geneva, Oxfam GB and Responding to Conflict. She is a co-author, with Simon Fisher and Vesna Matovic of Working with Conflict 2 published by Zed in 2020.
Dr. Caleb Fundanga has, since July 2014, been the executive director of the Macro Economic and Financial Management Institute (MEFMI) for Eastern and Southern Africa. MEFMI is a regional capacity building institution in the areas of Macro Economic and Financial Management based in Harare, Zimbabwe. Its main clients are central banks and ministries of finance and planning. He was governor of the Bank of Zambia from 2002 to 2011. After having served as senior advisor to the president of the African Development Bank in Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire from 1998, he further served as an executive director at the African Development Bank, before being appointed as senior advisor. He had served in senior positions in government. He served for six years at Cabinet Office before finally winding up in the Office of the President as permanent secretary in charge of the National Commission for Development Planning. Since July 2014, he has been the executive director of the Macro Economic and Financial Management Institute (MEFMI) for Eastern and Southern Africa. He has served as president of World University Service International. He began his economics career as an academic at the University of Zambia, soon after completing his PhD at Konstanz University in 1985.
Dr. Charles Mpande’s contact with WUS has been through WUS Canada’s Malawi program, first meeting Canadian volunteer teachers when he was a school principal in Malawi, where he was born. He studied in Malawi, the UK and Australia. While in Malawi, he taught in high schools and rose to Principal class during which time he interacted with Canadian volunteer teachers from Canada to Malawi. He went on to be a teacher trainer before he joined Chancellor College, University of Malawi, then he left for Australia where he is now a Senior Lecturer in Community Studies at Victoria University, his alma mater. Further, he is a member of the Pan-African Australasian Diaspora Network (PAADN) which has been actively engaged in African Union together with the United Nations’ matters pertaining to the International Decade of People of African Descent, and African diaspora engagement with Africa. As a Council member of PAADN, he is working with the African Union towards greater Australia and Africa partnerships among the African diaspora.
Chris Eaton is Executive Director of World University Service of Canada, WUSC.
Originally from South Africa, Clive Nettleton was the vice president of the National Union of South African Students in 1969. In 1972 he founded the Open School with support from WUS, which also supported his next programme People’s College, an educational supplement written by SACHED for Weekend, a paper with three million black readers. In 1978, the paper was banned and Clive was also banned. In March 1979 Clive left for Britain as a refugee and became Africa Secretary at the WUS International Secretariat in July of that year. After leaving Geneva in 1982 Clive worked as Head of Information for the British Refugee Council. He was Director of Health Unlimited which supported long term programmes in areas affected by conflict for 15 years from 1990 and then spent a year as an Honorary Research Fellow at the London School of Tropical Medicine contributing to papers for “The Lancet” and compiling a report on the Social Determinants of Health of Indigenous People for WHO. Finally, he was the Director for Book Aid International until retiring in 2013. In both South Africa and the UK, he has served on the boards of a range of NGOs and in the UK was a school governor for nine years.
Cyril Ritchie was the secretary of the WUS committee in Ireland in 1955. Following the Soviet crushing of the 1956 Hungarian Revolution he spent eight months at the Vienna Field Office finding placements for refugee teachers and students. He lived in WUS Geneva from 1957 to 1964, developing WUS programs in Africa. After his time with WUS he became executive director of the International Council for Voluntary Agencies until 1978, followed by a series of positions with international NGOs, currently as president of the Union of International Associations. From 2012 to 2018 he was Visiting Professor at Kyung Hee University, Seoul.
David Adler was Vice-President, International Relations, of the National Union of South African Students (NUSAS) from 1962 into the late 1970s. As a pioneering educationalist in distance education, he together with Theo Derkx, cooperated closely with WUS during the Apartheid-era, especially on the SACHED projects including the Prison Education Scheme. He was also associated as chairperson or committee member of some 20 Anti-Apartheid NGOs some concerned with training the leadership of the Mass Democratic Movement and with preparing leadership for the future Democratic South Africa. He was “banned" in 1978 together with Clive Nettleton and other SACHED/Mass Democratic Movement comrades. In Post-Apartheid South Africa, he served as the Chairperson of SAQA (South African Qualifications Authority) and was Chairperson of the Audit Committee of the National Development Agency (NDA).
David Bull was WUS UK General Secretary from 1987 to 1990. He developed a passion for human rights at WUS, leading to subsequent leadership at Amnesty International and UNICEF UK. He was honoured by the UK government for his international work and was awarded the CBE.
Originally student coordinator of the Oxford Refugee Scholarships Scheme for WUS, David Souter later became a member of the WUS UK national committee, 1978 to 1982, including several years as its vice-chair. His active time with WUS ended when he completed his doctorate. He worked subsequently in international relations (on the Cyprus problem, for an international development pressure group and as international officer for the British Labour Party) and in the information sector (including a period as chief executive of an intergovernmental communications agency). Since 2003 he has worked as an independent expert on the interface between the digital society and public policy, primarily in recent years to United Nations agencies.
Dr Kambiz Ghawami
Dr. Kambiz Ghawami studied business administration and then received his doctorate in law. Since 1981 he is a board-member of WUS Germany and since 1983 chairperson of the German Committee of WUS. He has published numerous works on global learning, foreign students and development policy. He is a member of, among others, the University Council of the Vietnamese German University (VGU), the Board of Directors of the German Development Service (DED), the Board of the Working Group Learning and Helping Overseas, spokesperson of the Working Group Education - Local/Global in the Association of German Development Non-Governmental Organisations (VENRO) and member of the Advisory Group for Development Education of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ).
Elisabeth Kiørboe joined WUS Denmark in 1982 to develop the project portfolio in Latin America. This included expanding support to WUSI scholarship programs in South and Central America, identifying new partners and development projects for indigenous peoples and women in Chile and Bolivia as well as representing WUS DK on the Danish Refugee Council’s International Committee. With the opening of a WUS Denmark regional office in Santiago Chile in 1989, she became the first regional coordinator for Chile and Bolivia, 1989- 1992. The WUS DK regional office was then moved to La Paz, Bolivia.
Esua Jane Goldsmith
Dr. Esuantsiwa Goldsmith was employed by WUS UK between 1980 and 1988. She became the first women’s officer, establishing the WUS women’s campaign. As a British-Ghanaian feminist author, campaigner and facilitator, she has worked in the not-for-profit sector for over 40 years with more than 100 organisations on five continents, as leader, chair, director and consultant. In 2015 Leicester University awarded her an Honorary Doctorate for her lifetime’s work in Women’s Rights. Her most recent book is The Space between Black and White.
Felix Ulloá Jr.
Félix Ulloa (jr.) is the son of the assassinated Rector. He was Professor of Political Science at the University of El Salvador, a founder and President of the Institute of Legal Studies of El Salvador, IEJES, that promoted the construction of the Rule of Law, for the defence of democratic freedoms and social justice. Throughout his career he has been a human rights defender, while more recently has had a prominent role in promoting democracy in different countries working with international bodies including NDI, UN, and the OAS. Today Félix Ulloa is the Vice President of El Salvador.
Professor Gerd Oberleitner was involved in 1993-1999 in the post-graduate courses in human rights for women in Africa, a joint WUS Austria and WUS Uganda program, and co-edited a collection of texts from the courses, The Human Rights of Women – International Instruments and African Experiences (ZED Books, 2002). He currently holds the UNESCO Chair in Human Rights and Human Security at the University of Graz, Austria and is Director of the European Training and Research Centre for Human Rights and Democracy at that university.
Germàn Monlina Valdivieso was executive secretary of WUS Chile. He was president of the Chilean WUS Centre, director of the International Organization for Adult Education and founder and vice president of the Chilean Human Rights Commission during the Pinochet military dictatorship. One of the founders of the Party for Democracy and holder of various party positions, he was Minister of Transport and Telecommunications during 1992-4, Chilean ambassador to the Netherlands (1994-7) and Minister of Labor and Social Welfare from 1998-2000. He has held several other senior government posts. He is a professional lawyer.
Godfrey Mphande is a development practitioner who has worked in international development for more than 20 years with the Canadian International Development Agency (now Global Affairs Canada) and Amnesty International. Since January 2018 he has been the Country Director for World University Service of Canada (WUSC) in Malawi. Working through a diverse network of partners, WUSC works to improve education, economic, and empowerment opportunities for young people.
Harald Ganns was chairperson of the local WUS committee in Freiburg/Breisgau from 1959 to 1960, employee in the secretariat of WUS Germany in Bonn from 1960 to 1963 and its secretary general from 1962 to 1963. From 1963 to 1965 he represented the Association of German Student Unions (VDS) as overseas representative for West Africa, based in Dakar/Senegal. After joining the German Foreign Service in 1965, he worked at the embassies in Lomé/Togo and Madrid, among others. From 1980 to 1983 he was accredited as ambassador in Niamey in Niger, from 1983 to 1986 in Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea, from 1990 to 1993 in Namibia and from 1998 to 2000 in South Africa and Lesotho. From 2001 to 2007, he represented the Federal Foreign Office at the United Nations in Bonn. Since 2008, he has served as senior advisor at the United Nations in the UN Campus in Bonn.
With a long history of involvement in radical student and development causes within Australia and internationally, Dr. Helen Hill was involved with WUS Australia in its later period. She became involved with Timor Leste, with a Master’s thesis on the independence movement, Fretilin, and with the Pacific through her thesis on Nonformal Education and Development in three countries of the Pacific at the ANU Centre for Continuing Education. As a result of supporting Jose Ramos Horta’s Diplomatic Front at the UN for Timorese Self-determination she was banned from going to Timor for 24 years. She spent two years in Fiji at the Commonwealth Youth Program updating the Diploma Course on Youth and Development at the South Pacific Centre. Much of this became the basis for a new course she introduced at Victoria University a new university in Melbourne. During the UN transitional period to independence in Timor-Leste she was able to return there and assisted Timorese activists to establish a Department of Community Development at the National University. After retirement from Victoria University, she was invited by one of her Timorese former students (by then Minister of Education) to work in the Ministry and has been in Timor-Leste since 2014.
Professor Dr. Henning Melber is the same age as WUS Germany. He grew up in Namibia and joined SWAPO in 1974 as the son of German immigrants. He taught, earned his doctorate and habilitation in Germany, and returned to Namibia ostensibly permanently in 1992 as director of the Namibian Economic Policy Research Unit (NEPRU). As a critic of post-colonial conditions, however, he was sidelined and in 2000 moved to the Nordic Africa Institute in Uppsala, Sweden, as research director. There, he has been executive director of the Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation from 2006 to 2012. He remains affiliated to both institutions as senior advisor, is extraordinary professor at the Department of Political Sciences, University of Pretoria since 2012 and the Centre for Gender and Africa Studies at the University of the Free State in Bloemfontein since 2013, a Senior Research Fellow at the Institute for Commonwealth Studies/University of London since 2015 and since 2017 president of the European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI).
Hervé Hamon is the President of Entraide Universitaire Française (EUF).
Dr. med. Lehnert was elected as AStA chairperson in Bonn in 1956. He was part of the silent march with the DGB against the intervention of the Soviet Union in Hungary, founding Hungarian Aid, which was realised together with WUS. On April 21, 1958, he presented a study on urgent reform of student health care and proposals for its reorganisation. In November 1960 he participated in the meeting of the Executive Committee of International WUS in Geneva on behalf of Prof. Elbel. The main topic was "Student Health Facilities in Southeast Asia. In 1961 he joined the International Conference on Student Mental Health in Murten, Switzerland, organised by WHO, WUS, UNESCO; in 1962 he was at the Colombo, Ceylon Conference on Student Health in Southeast Asia and in 1962 at the "Help for Self-Help" international conference in Sooksu near Istanbul/Turkey.
Prof. Dr. Ignaz Bender studied law at the Universities of Bonn and Freiburg, was Chairperson of the General Student Committee (AStA) at both universities, member of the International Committee of the Association of German Student Bodies (VDS), co-author of the VDS Charter (1962), VDS Vice Chairperson for International Affairs (1963/64), initiator of Aktion 1. July Education in Germany (1965) and initiator of the educational advertising campaign "Student aufs Land" (1965-1967). He did his Second State Examination in Law (1967) and was employee of the Ministry of Education and Cultural Affairs of Baden-Württemberg for the preparation of a study on the Causes of the Student Unrest (1968). He was Chancellor of the University of Trier from 1970 to 2001 and became president of the International Conference on Higher Education (ICHE) in 1989.
Irfan Hošic completed his PhD at the Department of Art History at the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb in 2011. He was Fulbright Visiting Scholar at the College for Creative Studies and Wayne State University in Detroit (2019/2020) and a post-doctoral researcher at the Ghent University (2013-2014). He is founder and artistic director of the Center for Contemporary Culture KRAK in Bihac in 2020. He teaches Art History and Modern Art and Design at the Textile Department at the University of Bihac.
Jakob Horstmann was an editorial assistant and then commissioning editor with the publisher Zed Books in London, UK. After leaving Zed, he turned freelance and continues to work with radical independent publishers and authors from around the globe.
James Matale was President of WUS Zambia from 1987 to 1991. He was active in the South African and Namibian scholarship programme. The programme placed several young South African and Namibian refugees in Zambian and overseas colleges and universities. James Matale started his career with the government and the Development Bank of Zambia. He later joined the Zambia Consolidated Copper Mines Ltd. and became Deputy Director responsible for non-copper mining operations. Between 1992 and 1994 he was director of the Zambia Privatisation Agency. James Matale holds a Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Zambia and an MBA from the Institute for International Management Development, now of Lausanne, Switzerland. At present, he works as a consultant in Lusaka on issues of investment, institutional reform, privatisation, project planning and analysis.
Jane Katjavivi was born in England. Her Masters from the University of Birmingham was in African Studies. She worked at World University Service (UK) in 1975 as a Scholarship Officer, focusing on Southern Africa and with SWAPO in London as an Information Officer from 1976 till 1978, and then moved into magazine and later book publishing. She married the SWAPO activist and historian Peter Katjavivi and they moved to Namibia shortly before Independence. She published Namibian history, literature, life stories, books on democracy and gender, children’s books and science textbooks in her own publishing company, New Namibia Books. She also opened a bookshop Onganda Y’Omambo, and was active in the Association of Namibian Publishers, the Namibia Book Development Council, the African Publishers Network and the African Books Collective. She established a new publishing imprint, Tigereye, and is author of a memoir Undisciplined Heart (2010).
John Bevan began in 1979 working for WUS UK as a caseworker on their Chile scholarship programme. In 1980 he became co-Secretary-General of WUS International with Nigel Hartley and Sarah Hayward, job-sharing the position, till 1990. Subsequently he was involved with UN Missions in Haiti and El Salvador. He went on to work for the UN in Haiti, Guatemala, El Salvador, East Timor, DR Congo, Nepal and Sri Lanka.
John King worked in WUS UK from 1974 to 1975 as part of the Chile team. After his time in WUS described as a “defining moment” he went on to teach Latin American literature, film and cultural history and is now Emeritus Professor of Latin American Cultural History at the University of Warwick.